Giza Plateau, lying on the west bank of the River Nile opposite Cairo, comprises the northern most attraction of the necropolis of ancient Memphis. It is only 17 km from Saqqara and 8 km from Abu Rawash. Even though the oldest known tomb in Giza is a mastaba that can be dated to the early 1st Dynasty, main attractions of Giza are the three Pyramids that attract several tourists every year.
Major Tourist Attractions
The Pyramids are the oldest manmade structures on the earth and the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) is the only monument left of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World. The Pyramids were also the tallest manmade structure in the world for more than 43 centuries with the height of 145.75 m. it was only in the 19th century AD that the pyramids were transcended in height. The Pyramids fulfilled the purpose of the tomb to bury the kings and nobles from where they begin mystic journey of the afterlife. The Great Pyramid took almost 20 years to be completed and used almost two million blocks of limestone each with a weight of more than two tons. The entrance to the pyramid is on the north and the king's burial chamber is in the center of the structure accessible by the Great Gallery. There are several corridors, galleries and escape shafts leading to king's chamber or were built for other functions. The walls of the King's chamber and his sarcophagus are built of red granite.
The Sphinx, also known as the Abu-al-Hol (Father of Terror), placed in front of the Great Pyramid and is believed to be older than the pyramids themselves. The Sphinx is supposed to be a mysterious being that has the body of a lion and the face of a human closely resembling King Kephren.
The Pyramid of Khafre (Chephren) and the Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus) are also located in the same complex. The Pyramid of Chephren still has its pyramidion and some of the stones with dazzling white brilliance. The Pyramid of Mycerinus is right behind the Pyramid of Chephren and was in the beginning covered with pink limestone covering.
Solar Boat Museum
Solar Boat Museum is constructed over the pit where solar boats were discovered only in 1954. These boats were constructed probably to carry the body of Khufu across the river Nile to the Funerary Temple for funerary ceremonies. Five such Solar Boats were found around the Pyramid of Khufu. The Solar Boat Museum has a climate control to preserve the boats and walkways are provided around the boats to get a good view of the boat.
How to Reach
By Air: Nearest airport is at Cairo, which is connected with many national and international cities by air route.
By Train: The Egyptian Railways operate many air-conditioned and ordinary trains to and from Giza.
By Bus: Giza is well connected by bus service with several neighboring cities and towns.