Arab Republic of Egypt enjoys a strategic location in the northeast corner of the African continent. Egypt shares its boundary with Mediterranean Sea in the North, Sudan in the South, Israel and Red Sea in the East and Libya in the West. Egypt has played a major role in transportation between the continents of Africa, Asia and Europe due to its important geographical location. The approximate land area of Egypt is 9,97,738 sq km and it is 1085 km north to south and 1255 km east to west.
Cairo is the capital city of Egypt. Nile is the longest river in the world and lifeline of Egypt. Majority of population inhabits the region around the Nile Valley and the Nile Delta. The geomorphology of Egypt comprises of desert out of which 90% is the Libyan Desert and the remaining 10% is Sahara Desert and Arabian Desert.